The breed takes its name from the man who developed it: Louis Doberman, a tax collector in Apolda, Germany. He wanted a dog to protect him in his work, to act as a deterrent to any would be robbers, and with courage enough to defend and attack when required.
To a foundation of Pinscher blood was added Weimaraner, Greyhound, Manchester Terrier, Rottweiler and German Shepherd blood to get a combination of intelligence, speed and toughness of character.
By the late 19th Century Doberman had established the type he wanted in his dogs: the squarely built, clean outline with a wedge shaped head and keen expression. The breed was recognised by the German Kennel Club in 1899.
Dobermans are calm and friendly dogs that form very strong bonds with their owners. They are a good choice for families as long as they are correctly trained and well socialised from a young age which is vital where this breed is concerned, they become valued members of a family and get very attached to children in a household.